Craps Table Layout: Understanding the Bets, Odds and Payouts

Craps Table Layout: Understanding the Bets, Odds and Payouts

Craps Table Layout: Craps is an exhilarating, fast-paced dice game. Understanding the craps table layout is crucial for beginners as it serves as the blueprint for the game and determines the various betting options available.

At first glance, the craps table may appear intimidating at first glance with its intricate design and numerous sections. However, with a little guidance and knowledge, you’ll soon discover that it’s easier. By familiarizing yourself with the craps table layout, you’ll gain the confidence to participate and enjoy the excitement that this classic casino game has to offer.

Components of the Craps Table

Craps Table Layout: Understanding the Bets, Odds and Payouts

The layout and its sections:

The craps table layout is a specially designed surface where all the action occurs. It is divided into several sections, each serving a specific purpose. Let’s explore some of the key sections:

  1. Pass Line area: Located along the perimeter of the table, the Pass Line area is where the most common bet in craps, the Pass Line bet, is placed. This bet is made before the come-out roll and is centered around the shooter’s success in rolling a 7 or 11 to win.
  2. Don’t Pass Bar: Opposite the Pass Line area, you’ll find the Don’t Pass Bar. This section is for players who prefer to bet against the shooter, hoping for a 2, 3, or 12 on the come-out roll to win.
  3. Field area: The Field area is a large section in the center of the table where players can bet on numbers 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11, or 12. Depending on the player’s preference, these bets can be made for a single roll or multiple rolls.
  4. Come area: Adjacent to the Pass Line area is the Come area. It is used for placing Come bets, similar to Pass Line bets but can be made at any time after the come-out roll.
  5. Don’t Come Bar: Similar to the Don’t Pass Bar, the Don’t Come Bar is where players can bet against the shooter after the come-out roll.
  6. Place Bet section: This section comprises the numbers 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, and 10. Players can place bets on these individual numbers, predicting they will be rolled before a 7.
  7. Proposition Bets section: The section is located in the center of the table and contains various bets with higher payouts but lower odds of winning. These include bets on specific dice combinations, such as Any Seven or Any Craps.

The rail and chip racks:

Surrounding the craps table is a padded rail that is a resting place for players’ hands and arms. This rail also prevents dice from bouncing off the table and ensures fair play. Along the rail, you’ll find chip racks where players can conveniently store their chips.

The dice and the stickman:

Craps is played with two six-sided dice. These dice are usually transparent and have sharp corners to prevent any tampering. The stickman, positioned opposite the boxman, is responsible for handling the dice, announcing the results of each roll, and facilitating the game’s progression.

By familiarizing yourself with these various components of the craps table, you’ll be better equipped to understand the game’s dynamics and confidently place your bets.

Understanding the Bets

Pass Line bet:

 The Pass Line bet is a common and straightforward bets in craps. Placed in the Pass Line area before the come-out roll, this bet wins if the shooter rolls a 7 or 11. 

Don’t Pass bet: 

Craps Table Layout: Understanding the Bets, Odds and Payouts

Placed in the Don’t Pass Bar, wins if the come-out roll results in a two or three and loses if a 7 or 11 is rolled. If a 12 is rolled, it results in a push (neither winning nor losing). Once the point is established, the objective is for a 7 to be rolled before the point to win the bet.

Come and Don’t Come bets: 

Like the Pass Line and Don’t Pass bets, the Come and Don’t Come bets are placed in the respective areas after the point is established. These bets work similarly to their counterparts, the only difference being that they are made after the come-out roll. 

Field bet: 

Craps Table Layout: Understanding the Bets, Odds and Payouts

The Field bet is placed in the Field area. It typically pays even money for all numbers except 2 and 12, often offering higher payouts. 

Place Bets: 

Place Bets are made in the corresponding section on the layout, specifically on the numbers 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10. These bets win if the chosen number is rolled before a 7 and typically offer varying payouts depending on the number selected.

Proposition Bets: 

Craps Table Layout: Understanding the Bets, Odds and Payouts

The Proposition Bets section offers various high-risk, high-reward bets. These bets are centered around specific dice combinations or outcomes. While these bets can have enticing payouts, they generally have a higher house edge and are considered riskier.

The craps table allows you to make informed decisions and develop strategies based on your risk tolerance and desired payout potential. 

Odds and Payouts

Understanding the odds and probabilities: 

Before delving into the specific payouts for different bets, it’s essential to grasp the concept of odds and probabilities in craps. The odds refer to the likelihood of a particular outcome occurring, while the payout represents the amount you will receive if your bet wins. The relationship between odds and payouts determines each bet’s house edge and potential profitability.

Strategies for Beginners

Basic strategy tips for beginners:

  1. As a beginner, it’s advisable to focus on the Pass Line, Don’t Pass, Come, and Don’t Come bets. These bets have relatively lower house edges and offer a good starting point for understanding the game.
  2. Set a budget for your craps session and stick to it. It’s important to allocate an amount you’re comfortable losing and avoid chasing losses. Gambling should be seen as entertainment, and responsible bankroll management is key.
  3. You can make additional bets called odds bets. These bets can improve your overall payout potential. Consider taking the maximum odds the casino allows, as it reduces the house edge on your original bet.
  4. Avoid proposition bets: Proposition bets may be tempting due to their high payouts, but they generally have a high house edge. As a beginner, it’s best to steer clear of these bets until you’re more familiar with the game and its odds.

Bankroll management:

  1. Set win and loss limits: Determine a target amount you’d like to win and a limit for acceptable losses. Once you reach either of these limits, be disciplined to walk away from the table.
  2. Start with smaller bets: Begin with smaller bet sizes to gain experience and get a feel for the game. Gradually increase your wager as you become more comfortable and confident.
  3. Don’t chase losses: If you encounter a losing streak, avoid the temptation to increase your bets significantly to recover your losses quickly. Stick to your predetermined bankroll and betting strategy.

Betting systems and their effectiveness: 

It’s important to understand that no betting system can guarantee consistent wins in craps. Betting systems like the Martingale or Paroli may provide structure to your betting, but they do not alter the underlying probabilities of the game. Approach betting systems cautiously and consider them tools for managing your wagers rather than strategies to beat the game.

Remember, craps are a game of chance, and while strategies can enhance your playing experience, they do not guarantee winnings. Enjoy the game responsibly and focus on having fun while learning the nuances of the craps table.

Etiquette and Terminology

Craps table etiquette:

  1. Be mindful of the shooter: When someone is designated as the shooter (the one rolling the dice), avoid distracting them or reaching across the table while they’re preparing to roll. Give them space and respect their turn.
  2. Follow the dealer’s instructions: The dealers at the craps table facilitate the game and maintain its integrity. Listen to their instructions and place your bets accordingly. If you’re unsure, don’t hesitate to ask for clarification.
  3. Handle your chips efficiently: When placing bets, stack your chips neatly and within reach of the dealer. Avoid throwing or tossing chips onto the table, as it can disrupt the game and make it difficult for the dealer to track your bets.
  4. Be aware of your surroundings: Craps tables can be crowded, so be considerate of other players and their space. Avoid unnecessary leaning or excessive body movements that may interfere with the game.

Common terminology:

  1. Come-out roll: The first roll of the dice in a betting round.
  2. Point: A number established on the come-out roll. The shooter aims to roll the point again before rolling a 7.
  3. Seven out: When the shooter rolls a 7 before making the point, resulting at the end of the betting round.
  4. Boxman: The casino employee who oversees the craps table, manages the chips, and resolves disputes.
  5. Shooter: The player rolls the dice.
  6. Craps: A roll of 2, 3, or 12 on the come-out roll.
  7. Natural: A roll of 7 or 11 on the come-out roll.
  8. Big 6 and Big 8: Betting on the 6 or 8 to be rolled before a 7.
  9. Hardway: Betting on a specific pair of numbers (4, 6, 8, or 10) to be rolled as doubles (2-2, 3-3, 4-4, or 5-5) before the corresponding easy way or a 7.
  10. Craps check: A puck or marker is used to indicate the point. It is placed on the number rolled during the come-out roll.

Understanding the etiquette and terminology of craps, help you communicate effectively with the dealers and other players. Adhering to proper etiquette and familiarizing yourself with the commonly used terms will make you feel more confident and integrated into the craps-playing community.

Practice and Resources


  1. Online simulations: Numerous websites offer free craps simulations. Use these platforms to familiarize yourself with the rules, betting options, and strategies.
  2. Casino practice tables: Some casinos provide practice tables where you can learn the game in a relaxed environment. These tables often have friendly dealers.
  3. Mobile apps: Several mobile apps allow you to play craps on your smartphone or tablet. These apps provide a convenient way to practice anytime, anywhere, and often include tutorials and tips for beginners.


  1. Online forums and communities: Engage with craps enthusiasts on online forums and communities dedicated to the game. These platforms offer a wealth of knowledge, discussions, and opportunities to connect with experienced players who can share their expertise and advice.
  2. Video tutorials and instructional videos: Search for reputable YouTube channels or websites that provide instructional videos on craps. These resources can guide you through the gameplay, explain betting strategies, and offer valuable tips for success.

Casino workshops and classes: 

Some casinos and gambling establishments offer workshops or classes specifically tailored for beginners. These sessions provide hands-on training, explanations of the game, and opportunities to practice under the guidance of knowledgeable instructors.

Dedicating time to practice and utilizing various resources will help your to understand of the game. Remember, craps is a game that combines luck and strategy, so the more you practice and learn, the better prepared you’ll be when playing at the craps table.


You’ve reached the end of this comprehensive guide to the craps table layout. Throughout this guide, we’ve covered various aspects of craps, including the components of the table, understanding different bets, odds and payouts, strategies for beginners, etiquette and terminology, and resources for practice and learning.

Understanding the different bets and their odds, and employing effective strategies, you can play this game confidently. Remember to manage your bankroll responsibly, practice regularly and enjoy the exciting and dynamic nature of the game.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top